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​Coloproctology is the specialty that treats pilonidal disease. It is the medical specialty dedicated to the study, diagnosis and clinical-surgical treatment of diseases of the colon (large intestine), rectum and anus. In addition to taking care of diseases, the coloproctologist/proctologist also prevents colorectal cancer, through colonoscopy, an exam that allows the diagnosis and treatment of precursor lesions (polyps).

​What Diseases Do Proctologists Treat?

​Many disorders and diseases are treated by the specialty, including:


  • Constipation and diarrhea

  • Intestinal polyps

  • Cancer of the colon, rectum and anus

  • Diverticular bowel disease

  • Inflammatory bowel diseases, such as Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis

  • Functional bowel disorders, such as Irritable Bowel Syndrome

  • Hemorrhoids, anal plicomas

  • Anal fissures

  • Anal fistulas

  • Perianal abscesses

  • Sacrococcygeal cyst (pilonidal cyst/pilonidal disease)

  • Fecal incontinence

  • Rectal prolapse

Doctor uses digital tablet
Medical information
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